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 FIRE RESISTANT LANDSCAPE PLANTS

Consider the following list of fire resistant plants when landscaping around your house.  By replacing highly flammable vegetation with these recommended plants, you can significantly improve the survivability of your home when a wildfire threatens.  Primarily, these plants have a high moisture content and low fuel volume.

Keep in mind that all vegetation is fire fuel.  To maintain their fire resistant quality, plants need to be adequately watered, trimmed to remove dead leaves and branches, and thatch build up removed under plants.  For greater protection, plants should not be planted in continuous beds surrounding or leading up to structures, but rather separated by space to make a fire break.  Vegetation under trees should be kept low to avoid a “fire ladder” effect which would send the fire into the tree.  Low branches on trees should be pruned up.

With diligent maintenance and wise plant choices, you can provide an attractive defensible space against wildfire.  Most plants listed below are readily available locally.  Plants with an * are usually not hardy in the colder areas of the tri-county area.

GROUND COVERS

Achillea sp.                                      Yarrow

Ajuga reptans                                   Carpet Bugle

Aptenia sp.                                        Red Apple

Artemisia – low varieties                    Artemisia

Bacharis pilularis prostrata               Dwf. Coyote Bush

Cerastium tomentosum                     Snow in Summer

Convolvulus mauritanicus                 Ground Morning Glory

Delospermum sp                               Ice Plant

Frageria chiloensis                            Ornamental Strawberry

Gazania sp.*                                      Gazania

Hedera sp                                         Ivy – many

Helianthemum nummularium            Sunrose

Hypericum calycinum                        St. Johnswort

Lantana montevidensis*                    Lantana – spreading

Lonicera japonica halliana                 Hall’s Honeysuckle

Osteospermum fruticosum*              African Daisy

Pelargonium peltatum*                      Ivy Geranium

Potentilla verna                                  Cinqufoil

Santolina chamaecyparissus           Gray Lavender Cotton

Santolina virens                                Green Lavender Cotton

Sedum varieties                                Dragon’s Blood, etc.

Stachys byzantina                             Lamb’s Ears

Thymus – low growing                       Thyme – many kinds

Verbena – low growing*                    Verbena – many kinds

Vinca major or minor                          Periwinkle

SHRUBS/ PERENNIALS

Agapanthus sp.                    Lily of the Nile

Ceanothus – many               California Lilac

Cistus – many                      Rockrose

Convolvulus cneorum          Bush Morning Glory

Cotoneaster – many           Cotoneaster

Escallonia – many               Escallonia

Euonymous – many             Euonymous

Forsythia – many                 Forsythia

Hemerocallis sp.                 Daylily

Lagerstroemia sp.               Crape Myrtle

Lantana – taller*                  Lantana

Lavendula dentate              French Lavender                                

Ligustrum j. texanum          Texas Privet

Limonium perezii*                Statice

Mahonia aqui. Comp.         Compact Oregon Grape

Nerium oleander*                Oleander

Parthenocissus quin.          Virginia Creeper

Penstemon sp.                     Beard Tongue

Photinia fraseri                    Red-tipped Photinia

Pyracantha                          Firethorn

Rosa sp.                              Rose

Sambucus – many              Elderberry

Senecio                              Dusty Miller

Syringa – many                   Lilac

Trachelospermum jas.*       Star Jasmine

Trachelospermum asia        Asiatic Jasmine

Viburnum – many                  Viburnum

The following species should be avoided near structures or in mass plantings as they are highly volatile:

Abies sp.                                  Fir Tree

Acacia sp*                                Acacia

Cedrus deodora                        Cedar

Cortaderia sellowiana               Pampas Grass

Cupressus sp.                           Cypress

Cupressocyparis                       Leyland Cypress

Cytissus scoparius                    Scotch Broom

Dodonea viscosa*                     Hopseed Bush

Eucalyptus sp.                          Eucalyptus

Juniperus sp.                            Juniper

Pennisetum sp                          Fountain Grass

Phormium tenax                        New Zealand Flax

Picea sp.                                  Spruce

Pinus sp.                                  Pines

Pseudotsuga menz.                   Doug Fir

Thuja                                        Arborvitae

Umbellaria californica                California Bay

 

Rising Sun Nursery 

www.risingsunnursery.com

209-772-3451  risingsun@caltel.com


 

 

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