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1.       Water!  2 to 3 times a week.  More if it is hotter.  Roses in containers need even more water.

2.       Fertilize!  Every 3 to 4 weeks with liquid, granular or organic fertilizers.  Every 2 to 3 months with slow release fertilizers. 

3.       Mulch!  Roses love organic soils.  This also keeps the temperature cooler for the roots and keeps the moisture level more even.

4.       Dead-head the old flowers.  Constant pruning of old flowers and rose hips will trick the rose into producing more roses.   It is only necessary to remove the rose flower.  If you want to prune back harder, remember to cut the flower stem back to a leaflet with 5 leaves.

 5.       Insects.  Insects are usually more of a problem in cooler weather, especially aphids.   However, snails can always be a problem, also earwigs and grasshoppers.  Thrips are tiny and attack the flowers, often distorting them or making the flowers not develop properly.  Any of the systemic insecticides, either sprayed on or granular, take care of most pests.  Often by the summer, beneficial insects have caught up with pests and take care of most of them.

 6.       Diseases.  Rust, mildew, blackspot: when it is hot and dry, most these diseases disappear.  Be careful if we get a sudden cool down or cool moist nights, mildew is likely to pop up on some of your roses.  Most diseases must be dealt with before they get started.  Applying fungicides as a preventative will keep diseases in check. 

 7.       Deer!  If you have deer that like to visit, you know how frustrating they are when they eat your prize rose.  Spray liquid fence as a preventative, especially in the fall when the deer are getting more desperate for food.

 8.       Sun.  Most roses require at least 5-6 hours of sun daily.  However, many shrub and floribunda roses can take more shade (or less sun) than hybrid Tís.  Lighter colored flowers also donít mind a little less sun and they will hold their soft pastel colors better than being in the hot sun all day.

 9.       Pruning.  Donít be afraid to prune, especially older or smaller branches that donít seem to be producing.  Encourage healthy and vigorous shoots.  These will be the framework for next years rose.  Prune to keep your rose open so air can circulate.  This will help against most diseases. 

   Questions: (209) 786-2907