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Olive Varieties

(Not all varieties are available)

Arbequina Olive  Commercially planted in super high density orchards, the low-vigor Arbequina olive tree bears fruit earlier than traditional varieties. When planted in a wider spacing, this variety will exhibit a spreading, somewhat weeping canopy and grow to a medium size. Prized for its mild oil, the Arbequina olive is small and yields a very aromatic and fruity flavor that is low in bitterness. The tree is fairly disease-resistant and pest-tolerant. Arbequina is self-fertile, but produces higher yields when planted with a pollenizer such as Koroneiki or Arbosana.

Arbosana Olive  The dwarf Arbosana tree produces large crops of small olives with high concentrations of premium olive oil. The Arbosana flavor is a complex mixture of fruitiness with a good balance of pungency and bitterness. The late-bearing Arbosana variety is fairly cold hardy though not as hardy as Arbequina. Like Arbequina, Arbosana is self-fertile, but produces higher yields when paired with a pollenizer such as Arbequina or Koroneiki.

Coratina Olive  This late-ripening cultivar loves long hot growing seasons where it slowly produces excellent, large fruit. In Italy, Coratina is harvested quite ripe (with black tips) resulting in a fruity flavor with floral notes. This variety can be strongly bitter and pungent if harvested green. Although it is used commercially for oil production, the Coratina olive can be picked as a green table olive. The dense, spreading Coratina tree features medium vigor and requires a pollenizer such as Frantoio or Leccino. This variety is not recommended for cooler coastal locations where early frosts may occur.

Frantoio Olive  One of the world's premier oil varieties. The medium-sized fruit also makes a good table olive after curing. The variety features a delightful balance of fruitiness, bitterness and pungency. Frantoio has moderate cold hardiness. Frantoio is self-fertile, but increases yields when pollenized by one of the other Tuscan varieties such as Pendolino or Leccino.

Kalamata Olive  A tree of strong vigor with an erect habit and canopy of medium density. While it makes excellent oil it is chiefly grown for Greek style black olives. Productivity is high but alternate. Overall this variety is of medium hardiness.

Koroneiki Olive Greek variety, originally cultivated on the plains, lower hillsides and coastal areas of Crete where the climate is relatively warm. Adapts well in high density orchards, early producer. Very small fruit size. Excellent oil quality with very high polyphenols. Fruit yield is high with a slight tendency for alternate bearing. Blooms with Arbequina.

Leccino Olive  The sweet, spicy Leccino olive is grown primarily for oil. The fruity flavor features hints of cinnamon with little bitterness. This early black Tuscan variety is far more cold tolerant than Frantoio. The vigorous Leccino tree exhibits a dense, slightly weeping growth habit and good general disease resistance.  Requires a pollenizer such as Pendolino or Frantoio.

Lucca Olive  Lucca is a "Native" Variety developed by Hartman at U.C. Davis. It is a good constant producer with high yields and also yields 27-28% oil of high quality. It also has good frost resistance and is probably closely related to Frantoio. A vigorous variety well suited to planting in California. 

Manzanillo Olive   The most popular table olive in California, Manzanillo is a large, round freestone with a high flesh to pit ratio. As the Spanish Manzanillo olive ripens, the flavor becomes fruitier and less bitter, but the water content increases making it better suited to curing than extracting. The Manzanillo tree is moderately vigorous with a spreading growth habit and medium density. Though partially self-fertile, yields will increase when Manzanillo is pollenized by Sevillano,  Ascolano or another variety. This variety is moderately cold hardy.

Mission Olive The Mission olive is a large, erect tree used for table olives and olive oil production. This variety is tolerant of cold, salinity and drought. The Mission tree is moderately resistant to olive knot. The freestone Mission fruit produces a bitter flavor when harvested green, but matures to a complex blend of buttery and tropical flavors. Though partially self fertile, Mission will set fuller crops when pollenized by another olive.

Pendolino Olive   The Pendolino olive is used mainly as a pollenizer in Tuscany, but for landscaping Pendolino offers many desirable characteristics such as good cold hardiness and a dense, weeping canopy. It flowers early and profusely with a long bloom, but it is self-sterile and must be paired with another variety such as Leccino. Though small, the Pendolino olive produces a moderate amount of good quality oil with a very mild flavor, low bitterness and delicate pungency.

Picual Olive  The Picual olive comes from Spain. Newer plantings in Chile, Australia and New Zealand are proving the value of this highly productive, early variety. Picual is easy to harvest and contains a high content of easily separated oil with pungent flavor that stores well. In Spain, Picual is a popular table olive known to be high in beneficial chemicals such as oleic acid and Vitamin E. The Picual olive is cold hardy and self-fertile, but produces higher yields when paired with a pollenizer such as Manzanillo 



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