(Not all varieties are available)
Commercially planted in super high density orchards, the low-vigor Arbequina
olive tree bears fruit earlier than traditional varieties. When planted in a
wider spacing, this variety will exhibit a spreading, somewhat weeping canopy
and grow to a medium size. Prized for its mild oil, the Arbequina olive is small
and yields a very aromatic and fruity flavor that is low in bitterness. The tree
is fairly disease-resistant and pest-tolerant. Arbequina is self-fertile, but
produces higher yields when planted with a pollenizer such as Koroneiki or
Arbosana Olive The dwarf
Arbosana tree produces large crops of small olives with high concentrations of
premium olive oil. The Arbosana flavor is a complex mixture of fruitiness with a
good balance of pungency and bitterness. The late-bearing Arbosana variety is
fairly cold hardy though not as hardy as Arbequina. Like Arbequina, Arbosana is
self-fertile, but produces higher yields when paired with a pollenizer such as
Arbequina or Koroneiki.
Coratina Olive This
late-ripening cultivar loves long hot growing seasons where it slowly produces
excellent, large fruit. In Italy, Coratina is harvested quite ripe (with black
tips) resulting in a fruity flavor with floral notes. This variety can be
strongly bitter and pungent if harvested green. Although it is used commercially
for oil production, the Coratina olive can be picked as a green table olive. The
dense, spreading Coratina tree features medium vigor and requires a pollenizer
such as Frantoio or Leccino. This variety is not recommended for cooler coastal
locations where early frosts may occur.
Frantoio Olive One of the
world's premier oil varieties. The medium-sized fruit also makes a good table
olive after curing. The variety features a delightful balance of fruitiness,
bitterness and pungency. Frantoio has moderate cold hardiness. Frantoio is
self-fertile, but increases yields when pollenized by one of the other Tuscan
varieties such as Pendolino or Leccino.
Kalamata Olive A tree of
strong vigor with an erect habit and canopy of medium density. While it makes
excellent oil it is chiefly grown for Greek style black olives. Productivity is
high but alternate. Overall this variety is of medium hardiness.
Koroneiki Olive Greek
variety, originally cultivated on the plains, lower hillsides and coastal areas
of Crete where the climate is relatively warm. Adapts well in high density
orchards, early producer. Very small fruit size. Excellent oil quality with very
high polyphenols. Fruit yield is high with a slight tendency for alternate
bearing. Blooms with Arbequina.
The sweet, spicy Leccino olive is grown primarily for oil. The fruity flavor
features hints of cinnamon with little bitterness. This early black Tuscan
variety is far more cold tolerant than Frantoio. The vigorous Leccino tree
exhibits a dense, slightly weeping growth habit and good general disease
resistance. Requires a pollenizer such as Pendolino or Frantoio.
Lucca Olive Lucca is a
"Native" Variety developed by Hartman at U.C. Davis. It is a good constant
producer with high yields and also yields 27-28% oil of high quality. It also
has good frost resistance and is probably closely related to Frantoio. A
vigorous variety well suited to planting in California.
Manzanillo Olive The
most popular table olive in California, Manzanillo is a large, round freestone
with a high flesh to pit ratio. As the Spanish Manzanillo olive ripens, the
flavor becomes fruitier and less bitter, but the water content increases making
it better suited to curing than extracting. The Manzanillo tree is moderately
vigorous with a spreading growth habit and medium density. Though partially
self-fertile, yields will increase when Manzanillo is pollenized by Sevillano, Ascolano
or another variety. This variety is moderately cold hardy.
Mission Olive The Mission
olive is a large, erect tree used for table olives and olive oil production.
This variety is tolerant of cold, salinity and drought. The Mission tree is
moderately resistant to olive knot. The freestone Mission fruit produces a
bitter flavor when harvested green, but matures to a complex blend of buttery
and tropical flavors. Though partially self fertile, Mission will set fuller
crops when pollenized by another olive.
Pendolino Olive The
Pendolino olive is used mainly as a pollenizer in Tuscany, but for landscaping
Pendolino offers many desirable characteristics such as good cold hardiness and
a dense, weeping canopy. It flowers early and profusely with a long bloom, but
it is self-sterile and must be paired with another variety such as Leccino.
Though small, the Pendolino olive produces a moderate amount of good quality oil
with a very mild flavor, low bitterness and delicate pungency.
Picual Olive The Picual
olive comes from Spain. Newer plantings in Chile, Australia and New Zealand are
proving the value of this highly productive, early variety. Picual is easy to
harvest and contains a high content of easily separated oil with pungent flavor
that stores well. In Spain, Picual is a popular table olive known to be high in
beneficial chemicals such as oleic acid and Vitamin E. The Picual olive is cold
hardy and self-fertile, but produces higher yields when paired with a pollenizer
such as Manzanillo